About Mushin

Wing Chun researcher and teacher.

SKD Training Session 1

This morning we had the SKD online training on Zoom. I wanted to cover 3 topics but ended up covering only 1 topic.

Why this is so is because of our preferred method of teaching. Basically, there two ways to teach :-

a) Mass training – this way of teaching is more on getting everyone to do drills and having a fun time. If they really get it then its a bonus. If not, keep practicing

b) Focused training – this way is more for the serious, adult learner who knows what he is looking for. Its slower paced and the training is just as cerebral as it is physical.

In SKD we go for focused training. Its tougher to learn this way but you know exactly how to do it, why you are doing it and how you can use it.

Due to the massive amount of details it is not something you can latch onto right away. You still have to do your own training which is why we only have the training every two weeks to give you the time to practice.

To get the most out of the learning each participant should test their setup first. They should ensure that their entire body can be seen and give allowance for the ground in front to be captured in the frame as well. This allows me to check their stepping. I would recommend to use a webcam and a tripod to get the best angle.

The topic that I ended up covering today is the SKD salute. The salute is divided into three parts – opening movement, salute and closing. I had planned to run the class for 60 minutes but ended up doing it for 80 minutes and covering just the opening and salute.

Embedded in the SKD salute are the key principles that define the characteristics of Chinese martial art, at least the way I learned it from a few teachers.

From practicing the SKD salute we learned about efficiency of movement, the embedded possible applications, technique changes, setting up the body to generate power, etc. All this can be realized once the elements are adhered to and eventually put into play in subsequent practices.

The use of intent from understanding what we are doing can push us along the progress curve. Participants have seen for themselves that it is easy to just move the limbs but not so easy to move the limbs in a very precise and defined manner. This is why authentic Chinese martial arts can be said to be easy to learn but a bitch to train.

I missed out on recording the first half hour. However, I managed to record the last 53 minutes and have uploaded the video to the Slack workspace for The Tai Chi Solo Player.

The next training will be on 28 Jun 2020 at 8 am Singapore time. The full schedule is listed here.

SKD Online Training Begins

The SKD online training will be conducted via Zoom.

It begins this Sunday (14 Jun 2020) at Singapore time 8 am.

Participants will work on the key basics of :-

a) What is a proper posture

b) How to turn and rotate quickly and with power

c) How to step while maintaining the basics of (a) and (b)

Also covered is how to use the SKD salute to develop important essentials :-

a) How to train awareness and concentration

b) How to coordinate movements for combat intent

c) How to chamber and load power into the striking arm

d) How to develop the ability to step and change direction quickly

e) How to move between positions

5 Jun 2020 Update

Added more SKD training videos to the Slack The Tai Chi Solo Player workspace.

This round of videos includes how to train the well known principle of Swallow, Spit, Float, Sink to generate power by studying the first four movements of 24-blocks.

Below is the last few movements from 24-blocks :-

When training Swallow, Spit, Float, Sink to use for power generation our consideration is not just power only. Instead, we need to address the question of whether we can apply it fast enough against a constantly moving opponent.

For this reason we need to examine the issue closely as explained below :-

Ultimately, we need to seek a balance of power, speed and function in order to render the techniques of 24-blocks practical.

Update 2 Jun 2020

Shot some videos today. Though its been over a year since the SKD online training started I decided to revisit some old topics.

The most important are of course :-

a) Basic posture

b) Insitu body turning

These two exercises are important because with the proper configuration you can move quickly while delivering powerful and accurate strikes.

I did three videos, one for each force model. The lesson that I wanted to get across this time is how to do the two distinct rotations of the Chau Chui. These two rotations enable us deliver power in the Gwa Chui and Chau Chui, one after another in a quick manner.

I did one video on how to do the revamped 6-blocks. I also showed how to add on additional blocks to create the 7-blocks, 8-blocks and 9-blocks sequences.

Managed to trim some of the videos for uploading soon to the Slack app for The Tai Chi Solo Player.

Update 30 May 2020

Today is the last day of the month. Next week the lockdown will be over and its back to work, kind of anyway.

I’ve spent the last 12 days working on the Sam Kuen Do (SKD) manual and updating the learning syllabus. Right now we are at version 2.0. By next week we will move on to version 3.0. The challenge is how to learn more without having to have to learn too many things (expansive yet compact).

SKD version 3.0 brings some new learning areas such as :-

a) 3 different methods for generating power using the lower body

b) How to use (a) while stepping using Leung Yi Bo

c) Improved ways to learn the three basic force models

d) Incorporating (c) into the corresponding three strikes

e) Revamped 6-blocks and variations (7-blocks, 8-blocks, 9-blocks)

f) New strikes – linking three floating palms and linking two chopping strikes

Working on SKD has helped me to reorganize the teaching of the 8-step Health Form. I have not posted any videos to learn it step-by-step because when I tried making videos then I found out that what I took for granted, how I learned it, is not that easy to put across in self-learning videos. In fact, it could be confusing.

One example is from the topic of the 2 4 points. In Grandmaster Wei Shuren’s original pictures from his book on the 22-form the points are not even labelled – see below :-

In my post here (pictures also reproduced below) I labelled where the 2-point and 4-point is for ease of reference. But as you can see below the 2-point is the same whether the leading leg is the right leg or left leg and this can be confusing.

After deliberation I have come up with a simpler way to do this. For the purpose of learning the 8-step Health Form and for the teaching of how to step in SKD (yes, I am going to use this teaching tool in SKD also) we will just follow a straight forward, clear cut convention as shown below :-

So that’s the update. Now back to work on the SKD manual.

Song of Chaos

PART 1

What I like about Grandmaster Wei Shuren’s Yang style is its clearcut learning map. In some Yang styles they seem to have too many types of jing or unclear if not confusing learning roadmaps.

For example, I saw a very nice graphic recently outlining the different types of power. The author divided the types of power into :-

a) Structural Power (internal strength)

b) Elastic Power (elastic store and release)

c) Peng Power (internal pressure)

d) Ground Power (ground reaction force)

However, I am a bit confused here because aren’t the 4 powers basically parts of the same type of power?

This is the logic of my analysis :-

i) You first have a body structure. In our Tai Chi we use the Bell Body structure.

ii) When you stand upright your Bell Body structure is connected to the ground.

Note – A characteristic of the Bell Body is inflation of the body like an elastic ball; what we call Peng Zhang (膨胀) as opposed to Peng Jing (弸勁). It is my opinion that Peng Zhang is frequently confused for Peng Jing. Peng Zhang is a quality whereas Peng Jing is a force vector as shown below :-

iii) Your body structure pressing against the ground with the help of gravity leads to ground reaction force as per Newton’s 3rd Law of Motion which states that for every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction.

iv) That your body is opened up means that the body’s 5 bows can be accessed. This allows you to borrow, store and release the opponent’s strength like releasing an arrow. The process here is just converting potential energy to kinetic energy, basically a type of elastic power.

v) Lastly, the characteristic of Peng Zhang (膨胀) means that the body is rounded. If so, then we can access Peng Jing (弸勁) which is a type of circular force vector.

In conclusion, by using one body structure, Bell Body, we have the 4 types of power mentioned by the author!

PART 2

In Grandmaster Wei Shuren’s Tai Chi we approach the topic of force differently.

There are many ways to apply force in our Tai Chi. GM Wei’s book on the 22-form has many models of how to apply force. Sometimes I think far too many.

Sure, it makes for fun learning. Tickles the grey cells even. However, for application I feel that you only need something more straightforward, something you can use easily without having to think very hard, something you can pull off even as the opponent is trying to hit you back.

Fortunately, in Grandmaster Wang Yongquan’s book there is a Song of Chaos which he penned based on his practice insights. Note – the book was actually written by Grandmaster Wei but published under GM Wang’s name with his approval. The Song of Chaos is as follows :-

双环一套十字生,

十字四端皆弧形

惟有当中是实点,

还要围绕环边行

十字交点一错位,

四两千厅亦可乘

掌中乱环横坚找,

乱环法术在于通

I once asked my teacher to explain the above to me. The moment I heard his explanation I realized how important it is to thoroughly master all the requirements of the 22-form.

This is because the 22-form (or for that matter the 37-form, the 108-form and the 8-step Health Form) is configured to provide the necessary practice for acquiring the physical understanding to actualize the skills outlined in the Song of Chaos.

PART 3

Explanation of the Song of Chaos here

Why Emptiness

In today’s post I touched a bit on the training of emptiness.

The training of emptiness is actually simple and straightforward. But it can be maddeningly difficult to catch like trying to grasp water.

I guess this is where the fun of learning is. And when you get there it can be incredibly satisfying because you have something that most Tai Chi practitioners will never understand much less be able to acquire.

You will be able to have a glimmer of understanding why the first two generations of Yang family, Yang Luchan and Yang Chienhou, were said to have high level skill.

Clarity

This CB lockdown has one good thing going for me – time to practice in the morning before I start work at home.

For some reason, I think it is the way I have to focus on the tons of fine details that is embedded in the Tai Chi form as I move through it, that clears up the mind and help to perceive things more clearly.

Sometimes too clear a thinking is bad, cause I end up writing a post like “WTF” here.

Split Mountain Intent

In this new post here I give an example of the use of intent in Yang style Tai Chi training.

I also use a video of Grandmaster Wei Shuren demonstrating the power that can be cultivated from a sub-movement of the technique of Fair Lady Works Shuttles.

Hand Shapes Training

One topic that is not addressed enough in Tai Chi training is the use of hand shapes.

This topic is part and parcel of our training of Grandmaster Wei Shuren’s Tai Chi.

In the training of 8-step Health Form I am addressing this topic here by explaining how to train the hand shape to issue power.

The video below is a demonstration of the use of the palm hand shape :-