Some would view the ability to fajin as having the strength to push an opponent off balance, perhaps so hard that he would fall on the ground causing injury when parts of his body hits the ground hard or slamming into a wall.
Fajin could also be referring to the ability to generate a shock force which relies on mass and acceleration to create a sudden surge of power at the moment of impact. This type of force is normally used for striking.
It is fairly normal to hear that the ability to fajin involves a long learning curve. This is correct if you looking into generating force with subtle and minimal outer movement. But if you are looking to be able to push strongly or hit with power then the learning process would only take a few months at most.
In this chapter I will introduce a quick, simple and effective way of acquiring the ability to strike with power by working on the key principles. Since the objective here is to learn fast, fail fast the method will be highly externalized.
Note that if you look through the information out there you will note that this method is considered by many to be an internal method. However, to us this method is considered external at least the way it is presented for the purpose of learning fast.
To make this method more “internal” modification is required to refine the movement of the body and lower limbs. To render this method internal as defined by GM Wei’s style is just a matter of separating clearly the use of intent and the minimizing of unnecessary movements so that the use of force is no longer apparent.
In this way there is no need to learn GM Wei’s Tai Chi as a separate method later. Instead, you can simply use the various imagery models to teach the body to move in an intent directed motion. This takes a lot of practice because you do not become internal overnight. You will still go through a movement learning process similar to the instant method mentioned here, shedding more and more externalized movements until you acquire the skill of moving in accordance to the principles that you learn through the imagery models.
2. LEARNING PROGRESS
There are many ways to learn how to generate power. The method outlined here is one which can be learned easily as it is not exactly rocket science. You just need to be open-minded enough to try it, work on it for a few minutes daily while monitoring what you are feeling.
Thereafter, you just need to continue putting in the work, drilling the basic exercises daily until you get it. The more familiar you are with what you are doing the easier it is to identify areas of improvements. With each improvement you will be a step closer to getting it.
To learn how to generate power you need to understand the formula F = ma on a functional level whereby :-
a) F = Force
b) m = Mass
c) a = Acceleration
Therefore, your ability to generate force depends on how much mass you can put in motion and how fast you can move the striking limb from a starting speed.
There is an exact definition for mass in physics but for the layman we can think of it as throwing our weight around. We can begin our learning by asking the question of what do we mean exactly by throwing our weight around.
When we learn something we can learn at the micro level and at the macro level. Micro level learning is isolating and zooming into a particular aspect of the learning. Macro level learning is to consider all the relevant aspects of a technique as a whole.
I) Micro Learning
When doing fajin we use the whole body but since this is an instant primer (which means you will get it fairly quickly) we will focus first on the micro aspect. The arm (upper arm and forearm) is a macro unit that can be divided into three micro units namely the wrist, elbow and shoulder. We begin by studying how the wrist, elbow and shoulder respectively works in the force generation process.
a) Wrist – isolated flexing / extending
You can do this study sitting down because we want to prevent ourselves from using the body unconsciously. So sit comfortably and rest your right wrist and elbow on the table.
Next raise your wrist 6 inches off the table (I actually used a tape measure to check). Keep your elbow on the table and do not raise it. Now hold a small rubber ball (or a crumpled piece of paper, anything with some weight to it) in your right hand.
Place your left hand on the back of your right wrist (you want to be able to allow your right hand to flex up and down). The purpose of the left hand is to inform you when your right wrist has moved up and down in tandem with the right hand.
Flex your right hand up and toss the ball onto the table by flexing it down. You will find that your throw is the strongest when your flex your hand all the way back (extension is the term used in biomechanics) to chamber it and on tossing flex it all the way down (flexion is the proper term for this action).
Beyond this you would need to extend and flex your arm at the elbow joint to have a stronger throw. You should also discover that you can lob the ball harder if you relax your wrist.
b) Elbow – isolated flexing / extending
Next we go on to examine the movement of the elbow. Place the tip of the elbow on the table and do not allow it to come off the table. Straighten your hand to line it up to the forearm and do not allow the wrist to flex or extend.
Keeping the wrist straight (yes, this is known as Convex Wrist in GM Wei’s Tai Chi) use the fingers to pick up the ball, lift it by flexing it. Next toss the ball by extending the elbow (remember to keep the wrist straight). This is a straightforward exercise.
c) Shoulder – isolated flexing / extending
Finally, we come to the shoulder. To examine the movement of the shoulder in flexing and extending keep your wrist straight and keep a bent elbow (with angle unchanging).
Now sit back away from the table with elbow off the table. Experiment with moving the fixed bent arm by flexing and extending at the shoulder. Once you are familiar with this try picking up the ball and tossing it by using the movement of the shoulder only.
II) Macro Learning
Once you have tried the Micro Learning you can put together what you have learned about the respective movement of the wrist, elbow and shoulder in moving to pick up and toss a ball down.
a) Whipping Using Arm
Now do the same exercise of tossing a ball except this time you can flex and extend the wrist, elbow and shoulder at the same time. Relax your arm, pick up the ball and raise it up to the height at which you will begin the toss.
Instead of tossing the ball, hold on to it and lower your arm as if tossing it. Just as you reach the lower end, raise the ball again and lower your arm again as if to toss the ball. Repeat a few times.
What did you observe of the movement of your arm if raising and lowering? If you raise and lower your arm while keeping it relax you would observe the tip of your fingers tracing a sinuous curve.
What did you feel? You should feel that you can lower your arm faster than when you raised it. This means that when your arm is doing the toss the downward movement is assisted by gravity which also makes it easier to accelerate the movement of your arm.
The above two observances relates to moving the entire arm like a whip. Instead of tossing a ball you could put a small firm pillow (if you do not have a striking bag) on the table and experiment striking it. Feel the difference when you move your arm like a whip a few times before striking the bag. Do the same by accelerating the movement of the arm when moving downwards to do the strike.
b) Whipping Using Arm + Body
After you have practiced the striking for a few more times you will become familiar with the movement of the arm. Try a few more times after this and you will be able to feel your body wanting to get involved to assist in the striking. Do not over think it, just move your body to add to the movement of your arm striking downwards.
c) Whipping Using Arm, Body + Legs
Finally, you can also use your legs to add more power to your movement. You can do this by stamping your foot or stand on your toes first then drop to your heels; use this to initiate the strike.
You can also do a short jump off the ground and use the falling motion of your body to add power to the downward strike (gravity!). If you like, you can also add a forceful exhale / grunt / kiai to further enhance the power.
Related study for wrist, elbow and shoulder to develop strength using a stick – refer to Estocadas : Abesedario; topic Pagsolondan, sub-topic Panguyat.
This is what I would call external striking. For learning Tai Chi it is important that you know what external striking is. This will enable you to be able to tell the difference between external striking and internal striking.
Once you know what external striking is then you can learn to refine your movements. By paying attention to specific principles you can make your striking more in line with what internal striking is.
To spice up your movements with internal principles you would be working with stuff like the six harmonies, using the kua to move, body alignment, etc.
After this stage you can move on to what we consider to be internal striking. In this stage you work with imagery using intent to guide your movements. Attention is paid here to the process of visualization and qualia, specifically how it transform the way force is applied.
For more details refer to :-
i) TaijiKinesis Vol 1 : Navigating the Taijiquan Maze; reference Appendix B Principles Redefined 5.1 to 5.4 (page 100)
ii) TaijiKinesis Vol 2 : Learning the Taijiquan Form; reference 5.9 The 3-Count & The 5-Count (page 58), 5.9.1 Illustration of the 3-Count (page 59) and 5.10.3 Single Whip (page 63)